The domestic goat comes from the wild goat (bezoar goat) and was probably domesticated in the Near East as early as the 11th millennium BC. It is the first commercially used pet after the dog, together with the sheep. Goats supply milk, meat, leather but also wool (use depends on breed). They are important for agriculture in mountain regions, but especially in Asia Minor, Central Asia and Mongolia.
They are sure-footed and free from vertigo and can climb over slopes like chamois and also climb trees.
The goat is very frugal, which is why it used to be called the poor man’s cow.
Goats can destroy the vegetation of entire landscapes, as they eat almost all plants.
The female goat is called goat or nanny goat, the male billygoat and the young fawn, yeanling.
More than 700 different goat breeds are known worldwide.