Chileflamingo / Phoenicopterus chilensis

Distribution area: South America
Characteristic: grey legs with strongly red colored intersal joints

Rosaflamingo / Phoenicopterus roseus

Distribution area: Europe (Atlantic coast, Mediterranean coasts and some Mediterranean islands)
Feature: largest flamingo species, legs of adult birds pink, pink beak with black tip.

Common features of all flamingo species:

Her pink plumage and the special beak

The beak of the flamingos is unique in the bird world. It is built like a special filter with which they filter tiny creatures from the water. With their beak they suck in the water and then squeeze it out again. The food particles get caught in the filter apparatus of their lamellae and can be transported with the tongue into the throat and swallowed. Small crustaceans in particular contain many dyes (carotenoids) which are stored in the feathers and cause the red colouring. Without absorption of these dyes, the flamingos remain white.

Standing on one leg with minimal effort

Flamingos only sleep on one leg. This is made possible by a special joint: when the leg is stretched, the joint snaps into place like a pocket knife, and the bird stands securely and does not buckle.


The long neck is placed in front of the chest and the head is then bent onto the back and hidden under the shoulder feathers of the wings. One leg regularly carries the weight of the body. The other leg is either stretched out obliquely to the back or folded up and pulled up to the belly.



Africa, South America, Asia, Europe


Water edge zones, salt & brackish waters


small crabs, algae, small creatures


up to 3,5 kilogram


1,20 to 1,40 meter

Erreichbares Alter:

more than 50 years

Tierpaten Ehrentafel

  • Heinsen-Hoser George Lucas, Amstetten
  • Wallner Berta, Sankt Pölten
  • Pöchhacker Anton, Amstetten
  • ‘Fiona’
    Mühlbachler-Pietrzykowska Katarzyna, Theresienfeld
  • ‘Gerti’
    Schwarzbauer Nina, Pfarrkirchen bei Bad Hall



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